Blood loss classification of APH

Estimate amount of blood loss is often underestimated, it is important to combine with an assessment of signs of clinical shock:

Minor hemorrhage = blood loss <50 ml and has stopped.

Major hemorrhage = blood loss 50-1000 ml with no signs of shock.

Massive hemorrhage = blood loss >1000 ml and/or signs of shock.

Recurrent APH is an episode of APH on more than one occasion.

Question: Does smoking and drug abuse act as a major risk factor for APH?- Yes/No

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